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Thursday, 20 June 2019

10 Biggest Global Health Threats of 2019

10 Biggest Global Health Threats of 2019

There are 10 threat issues that need to be watched out, ranging from cancer, diabetes, to air pollution. Here are 10 of the biggest global health threats in 2019 according to the WHO, as quoted by the Times of India:

1. Movement to Refuse Vaccines
Vaccination is a big debate among people. There are indications that there is an aversion to vaccination, which is known as anti-vaxxing. This makes millions of people in danger and also becomes a setback for efforts in tackling crucial diseases. This decline in vaccination was seen in a study conducted by WHO, which showed the risk of measles increased by more than 30% in 2018 globally.

2. Drug resistance
Excessive use of antibiotics has made many viruses and bacteria resistant to them, increasing the likelihood of infections and diseases such as tuberculosis (TB). By increasing awareness and advocating the use of the right medicine, this problem can be avoided in the future and helps in a better treatment plan.

3. Air Pollution
You might not feel it, but the air around where you breathe is very toxic. Micropollutants and germs in the air can enter the system and cause damage to the lungs, chest, brain and immune system.

4. Climate Change
Climate change not only affects the environment but also the medical emergencies that we all face. Droughts, heat waves, floods and such disasters add to the pandemic and make people, especially those with cardiovascular problems, diabetes and breathing more vulnerable to disease. Climate conditions also have an impact on the food you eat, so, this has a spiral effect on your health.

5. Flu pandemic
As the flu-causing virus and flu-related infections become stronger and resistant to treatment, it becomes more difficult to treat the disease on time. Disease spread also becomes easier since the virus moves between carriers through the air. According to WHO findings, the world is facing an influenza-like pandemic, which will only get worse than before.

6. Ebola
Ebola, an infectious disease that spreads through contact, still remains a serious disease that continues to increase. With limited access to good health services, the Ebola virus is increasingly difficult to contain and spread widely. Infection is increasing in densely populated areas where around 1 million people are being treated. Thus, better preparedness and awareness are needed to eradicate Ebola. If not handled on time, the world can face millions of deaths

7. Non-communicable diseases
Complications related to cancer, diabetes, and heart disease are non-communicable diseases that silently turn off and continue to increase. Over the years, the mortality rate for diseases caused by this lifestyle continues to increase. According to WHO, 15 million people aged between 25-40 lose their lives due to the disease. Making healthier choices, lifestyle changes, and changing diet can help reduce spread.

8. Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF)
Dengue fever continues to increase. The dengue virus is getting stronger and now it spreads not only in the rainy season and starts to a drier climate.

9. HIV
According to WHO, more than 27 million people in the world are infected with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus). This accounts for a high percentage of women aged between 15-24 in the world.

10. Weak health services
According to WHO figures, there is a percentage of the population that has very limited access or no access to primary and clinical health services and this puts them in great danger. Without timely access, death statistics will only increase.

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